Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL) Mizoram

At a glance: Forensic Science Laboratory, Mizoram was created in 2000 under the administrative control of Police Department to provide scientific support and service to the investigation of crime; it was set up at 3rd Bn. MAP complex, Mualpui and started functioning initially with only one division i.e. chemistry. At present, the Laboratory is headed by Joint Director with 7 (seven) divisions viz. Chemistry Division, Ballistics division, Questioned Document Division, Fingerprint Division, Photography Division, Serology Division and Toxicology Division.

Building: Forensic Science Laboratory, Mizoram is now accommodated in new building at New Secretariat Complex, Khatla, Aizawl.



Functions & Duties: The main functions of FSL may be summarized as follows:
1. Visiting scene of crimes and aiding the IO in the detection and collection of evidences, reconstruction of crime scenes and furnishing crime scene examination report.
2. Scientific examinations of exhibits/samples received at the Laboratory and generation of reports.                                                                                                          
3. Providing expert opinion in the court of law.
4. Providing theoretical and practical training to Police personnel from different districts & Police stations with aspect to scientific method of investigation.

Divisions: At present, Forensic Science Laboratory, Mizoram have the following divisions:

1. Chemistry Division: The work in chemistry division involves the examination of various types of exhibits which include petroleum products like kerosene, diesel, petrol and their residues in burnt articles, cement, phenolphthalein dye in trap cases, liquor, acids and alkalis, organic / inorganic chemicals, drugs of abuse such as opium/morphine, heroin, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamine /methamphetamine, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, etc. covered under ND&PS Act 1985. 

2. Ballistics & Tool marks Division: The work in the ballistics division involves the identification and comparison of firearms, ammunition and parts thereof. It also involves examination and comparison of physical materials like tool marks and impressions, foot prints and shoe prints, tyre prints, glass, soil, restoration of numbers/impression on metals and non metals, paint chips, fibres and fabric, technical and household articles, broken and severed parts. It also involves examination of explosive substances (low and high explosives) and post explosion debris.

3. Questioned Document Division: It deals with comparison of handwritings, stamp seal impression, imprint matters; detection and decipherment of altered writings, indented writings, secret writings and examination of suspected Indian counterfeit currency notes.

4. Fingerprint Division: Finger Print Division undertakes examination of Fingerprint for identification by comparison of Chance prints from the scene of crime with specimen prints and with AFIS (Automated Fingerprint Identification system) Database.

5. Photography Division: The work in Photography includes authentication of photographs and identification of cameras from film negatives and digital photographs, crime scene photography and reconstruction of the scene of crime using photographs, photographic recording of clue materials and photographic recordings of exhibits in the laboratory.

6. Serology Division: The work in Serology division includes detection of biological exhibits such as blood, semen, saliva, urine, hair, pollen, diatoms etc. and their comparison with suspected samples, Examination of skeletal remains. It also includes detection of origin of species, individualization is also carried out using ABO grouping Technique.

7. Toxicology Division: The work in toxicology division includes analysis of various poisons and drugs. The exhibits include Visceral material i.e. stomach & small intestine with contents, liver, spleen, kidney, lungs, brain, heart, blood, vomit, urine.etc. It also involves analysis of different types of illicit liquors.

Name of unit head and officers:

1. H.Sangchungnunga                                           Joint Director (Head of Unit)

2. T.Lalropuia                                                        Deputy Director (Chemistry Div)

3. R.Sangzuala                                                     Asst. Director (Ballistics Division)

4. R.Vanlalkima                                                    Asst. Director (Questioned Document Div)

5. Lalchhanzova                                                   Asst. Director (Serology Div)

6. Lalhmachhuana                                                Asst. Director (Toxicology Div)

7. Remlalnghaki                                                   Asst. Director (Finger Print)

8. Lalmuanawma                                                 Asst. Director (Chemistry Div)

9. Rosangzuala                                                   Jr. Scientific Officer (Photography Div)

10. K.C.Hmingthanga                                           Jr. Scientific Officer (Fingerprint Div)

11. Richard M.C.Vanlalhnehzova                           Jr. Scientific Officer (Ballistics Division)

12. Mary Lalziki                                                  Jr. Scientific Officer (Questioned Document Div)

13. Ammie Lalnunpuii                                          Jr. Scientific Officer (Fingerprint Div)

14. Vanlalhmangaihi                                            Jr. Scientific Officer (Toxicology Div)

 

Staff Strength:

Sl.no

Designation

Sanctioned Strength

1.

 Joint Director

1

2.

 Deputy director

1

3.

 Asst. director

6

4.

 Junior Scientific Officer

11

5.

 Inspector (M)

1

6.

 Sub-Inspector (Steno)

1

7.

 Sub-inspector (M)

2

8.

 Asst. Sub-Inspector (M)

1

9.

 Naik

1

10.

 Despatch Rider

1

11.

 Constable (Lab. Attendant)

8

12.

 Driver

7

13.

 Peon

5

 

TOTAL

46

 

ACHIEVMENTS DURING THE YEAR 2014 :

Cases examined 1154
Exhibit examined 18614
Crime Scene attended 121
Court Summon 383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cases/Exhibits examined (2000-2013)

Year

Cases Examined

Exhibits Examined

Crime Scene attended

Court Summoned

2000 18 24 0 -
2001 69 287 9 -
2002 109 168 18 7
2003 180 217 8 0
2004 180 1108 24 3
2005 239 3705 33 5
2006 223 7253 58 26
2007 272 6253 73 29
2008 145 918 69 48
2009 236 5094 100 54
2010 361 5976 192 24
2011 339 3706 111 53
2012 739 5153 102 110
2013 1152 6010 121 307

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future perspective:

It is proposed to set up these new divisions in the near future so that the I.O’s and the public in general get the benefit of a full-fledged Forensic Science Laboratory

1) DNA      2) Computer/Cyber Forensic      3) Lie detection/ Brain Fingerprinting    4) Voice Analysis/ Video Authentication

Contacts:

Phone      : 0389-2336131

Fax          : 0389-2336231

Email      : fslmizoram@gmail.com

Website : http://forensic.mizoram.gov.in

 

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